Surfing though relies on waves - the more of them the better. Three conditions make ideal surfing waves: high speed winds, deep water and a long distance of open sea. As a result the best surfing conditions are on coastlines beside oceans.
Once a hobby enjoyed by a few, surfing is now a large industry. It generates over £70 million in Cornwall alone. Fistral is home to various surf clubs, schools and shops plus the annual Boardmasters Festival that attracts 30,000 visitors.
Surfing is so popular in Britain that artificial reefs have been built inland, such as Surf Snowdonia in the Conwy valley in Wales. These sites aim to create more predictable waves and make surfing accessible to a wider audience.
Artificial reefs could have a huge impact though on coastal towns that rely upon the seasonal surfing trade. In theory, surfing no longer requires a beach. What happens if instead of packing away their boards for the winter surfers stay inland all year?