Why does the Albert Memorial Clock lean over and what does it tell us?
The reason the clock leans over is because of the ground beneath our feet. Queen’s Square was built on an area of marsh land. The Albert Memorial Clock was mounted on a wooden base which couldn’t support the 113-foot tall structure’s weight. So the clock tower began to sink.
The land around Queen’s Square was marshy because it was drained from the banks of a nearby river.
With the statue of Albert behind you, look along the High Street for a slight curve in the road. This is where the River Farset flows through a tunnel. The tunnel below the High Street is said to be large enough for a bus to drive through it!
The Farset is a tributary, a smaller river that flows into a larger one. In this case the Farset flows into the Lagan, near Queen’s Square.
Though we can no longer see the Farset it was central to Belfast’s creation. Belfast’s first settlers made their homes at a ford over the Farset. This ford was located very near to the Albert Memorial Clock.
The sands of time
The name ‘Belfast’ comes from the Irish words ‘béal feirste’ or ‘sandy mouth of the ford’. ‘Farset’ itself is from the Irish for ‘sand spit’. The Farset’s sandy banks were Belfast’s first quays and trade centre.
By the 18th century, however, the Farset had become an open sewer. Traders dumped waste such as offal into the river and it was a dangerous health hazard. In 1804 the High Street section was covered up.
It’s incredible to think that Belfast’s foundation site is out of sight. But as the city’s name and tilting clock tower show, the Farset is unseen but not forgotten.
A short distance across Queen’s Square from the clock, look beside the River Lagan for a giant salmon.
The Big Fish sculpture celebrates Belfast’s watery heritage. The scales are a mosaic of tiles and many highlight the city’s riverside industries. See if you can spot references to linen, rope making and shipbuilding - including the RMS Titanic which was built at the nearby Harland & Wolff shipyard.